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A U.S. appeals court on Friday upheld Illinois’ ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines.

The three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit voted 2-1 to strike down a lower court’s ban against gun restrictions in one set of cases and affirmed the decision to leave the law intact in another.

The appellate decision also upheld several similar local laws in Illinois.

The Democratic-backed state measure bans the sale and distribution of a variety of high-powered semiautomatic “assault weapons,” including AK-47 and AR-15 rifles, as well as high-capacity magazines.

Opponents challenged the measure on the grounds that it violated an individual’s right to “keep and bear arms” under the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

U.S. Appeals Court Upholds Illinois Assault Weapons Ban

The appellate panel held that, like other constitutionally protected freedoms, the Second Amendment right to bear arms is subject to certain limitations that the government can lawfully impose.

In its reasoning in favor of the Illinois law, the appellate panel cited a U.S. Supreme Court opinion last year that struck down New York’s restrictions on carrying concealed handguns outdoors.

In that case, a conservative majority of the Supreme Court laid out a new legal test for gun restrictions, saying they must be “consistent with the nation’s historical tradition of gun control” to pass.

Judge Diane Wood, an appointee of former President Bill Clinton, wrote Friday in the Seventh Circuit that supporters of the Illinois gun law are “likely to prevail” in further litigation given the “tools of history and tradition.” The Supreme Court instructed us in the New York case and in a similar challenge in the District of Columbia.”

Justice Frank Easterbrook, an appointee of former President Ronald Reagan, joined Wood’s majority opinion. Justice Michael Brennan, an appointee of former President Donald Trump, dissented.

In August, the Illinois Supreme Court upheld the assault weapons ban in a separate case in state court, rejecting arguments that the law violated the state constitution by not applying equally to all citizens.

Late last month, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled that California’s assault weapons ban remains in effect, while the state’s attorney general appealed a lower court ruling declaring the 30-year-old measure unconstitutional.

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